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Published:
2003
Downloads:
403
Views:
1140
Many of the world's most controversial private infrastructure projects originated as unsolicited proposals to governments. This Note explores critical questions for developing policies to deal with unsolicited proposals. For example, under what conditions should governments allow unsolicited proposals? And how can they add competition and transparency to the process? A companion Note reviews the methods used by the governments of Chile , the Republic of Korea , the Philippines , and So...
Countries
Chile,Korea, Rep.,South Africa,Philippines
Contributor
International Finance Corporation (IFC)
Published:
2016
Downloads:
8474
Views:
1010
In the mid-2000s, a pioneering contract for privately operated water service in sections of Hubballi-Dharwad, Belagavi and Kalaburagi cities proved that 24/7 water service was possible in India. Until then, despite the availability of enough water, residents in the majority of Indian cities received water for only a couple of hours a day due to poor management, system leaks, and financial problems of utilities. That initiative, financed as part of a World Bank project, also showed that it ...
Countries
India
Contributor
PPIAF
Sector
Urban water utilities,water,Municipal,Cities
Topic
water
Published:
2017
Downloads:
57014
Views:
993
A growing number of governments are interested in partnering with the private sector to provide public infrastructure assets and services. The PPP Reference Guide aims to assist them. The Guide tackles the following questions:   What are public-private partnerships (PPPs), why and when to use them. What kind of policy, legal, and institutional framework is needed to ensure PPPs achieve their objectives efficiently and effectively. What...
Contributor
Inter-American Development Bank (IDB),Islamic Development Bank (IDB), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD),World Bank Group (WBG),Asian Development Bank (ADB),United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP),Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD),United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE),Global Infrastructure Hub (GIH)
Topic
Unsolicited Proposals,PPP Institutional Framework,PPP Structuring,PPP Units,PPP Legal Framework
Published:
2016
Downloads:
7450
Views:
990
PPIAF’s Sub-National Technical Assistance Program (SNTA) and its World Bank Group partners—the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP)—have been working with the Brazilian municipalities of Belo Horizonte and Rio de Janeiro to bring energy-efficient investment to public street-lighting systems. The program, which includes early-stage feasibility analysis and technical assistance, has prompted Belo Horizonte ...
Countries
Brazil
Contributor
PPIAF,World Bank Group (WBG)
Sector
power,energy,electricity,Street lighting,Municipal,Cities,urban
Published:
2017
Downloads:
7507
Views:
984
Since 2014, the Public Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF) has provided grants to West African francophone countries to enable private sector participation in infrastructure. This support comprises programmatic support (the UEMOA PPP program) or country programmatic support (such as Guinea and Mauritania). In September 2014, PPIAF provided a grant to Mauritania, a country in the Maghreb region of West Africa, to strengthen its enabling environment for Public Private Partnershi...
Countries
Mauritania
Contributor
PPIAF
Sector
Multi-sector
Published:
2017
Downloads:
8548
Views:
971
The complexity of public-private partnership (PPP) transactions often means that considerable time and expense is involved in preparing and finalizing the contract. This has led many stakeholders to ask for standardized provisions in such contracts to allow for a quicker and less expensive drafting process. Given the variety of PPP transactions and legal systems, as well as the need for "tailor-made" provisions, the development of fully standardized&...
Contributor
PPIAF,World Bank Group (WBG)
Topic
PPP Legal Framework
Published:
2010
Downloads:
8370
Views:
964
In 2007, PPIAF approved a grant to assist in establishing the institutional and regulatory framework for the transport sector in Senegal. Technical assistance support was also given to the National Agency for the Promotion of Investments (APIX) to consolidate the institutional framework and develop contractual arrangements for the Dakar–Diamniadio Toll Highway project.
Countries
Senegal
Contributor
PPIAF
Sector
Transport
Topic
Governance ,PPP Institutional Framework
Published:
2016
Downloads:
7493
Views:
947
In 2012, PPIAF partnered with the World Bank to engage with the Government of Belize to help them improve and maintain municipal service delivery in selected towns through the Municipal Development Project. PPIAF’s technical assistance support helped to initiate the development of the Revenue Enhancement Support Program, to assist the municipalities in enhancing the capacity of municipal finance management and improving creditworthiness. This initiative has made significant contribut...
Countries
Belize
Contributor
PPIAF
Sector
Municipal
Topic
Municipal PPPs
Published:
2009
Downloads:
5537
Views:
888
Lessons from 50 years of successful operation
The public-private partnership (PPP) for the national water utility of Côte d’Ivoire is the oldest and largest water PPP in the developing world. In place since 1960 and today serving more than 7 million people, this PPP has provided quality service for decades and made remarkable progress in expanding access in the 1990s. It even proved resilient to civil strife and the de facto partition of the country in 2002. This African success story shows that a pragmatic partnership bet...
Countries
Côte d'Ivoire
Sector
water
Contributor
PPIAF
Published:
2011
Downloads:
8509
Views:
878
A Continental Perspective
This study is a product of the Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic (AICD), a project designed to expand the world’s knowledge of physical infrastructure in Africa. The AICD provides a baseline against which future improvements in infrastructure services can be measured, making it possible to monitor the results achieved from donor support. It also offers a solid empirical foundation for prioritizing investments and designing policy reforms in Africa&rsqu...
Countries
Côte d'Ivoire
Contributor
PPIAF,World Bank Group (WBG)
Sector
Multi-sector
Published:
2006
Downloads:
12915
Views:
874
This paper addresses some of the confusion that has come up on what regulation means in the context of water supply and sanitation (WSS) services. In particular, it strives to answer questions about the application of the “independent regulator” model to WSS in the developing world. What types of problems can it can address effectively? What is its relevance, especially as provision and oversight of these services are often the responsibility of sub-national governments with li...
Topic
Regulation,Financing
Contributor
PPIAF
Sector
sanitation and sewerage,Water supply,water
Published:
2020
Downloads:
5595
Views:
805
This report Public-Private Partnerships in Land Administration: Analytical and Operational Frameworks was developed to address knowledge gaps, advance the thinking on how PPPs can be implemented in land administration with appropriate risk mitigation, and explore how the World Bank and other development partners may engage in financing and building capacity in land administration. With its analytical assessments and operational tools, the report intends to support governments (land agencie...
Contributor
PPIAF,World Bank Group (WBG),Global Partnership for Results-Based Approaches (GPRBA)
Topic
PPP Policy,Governance
Published:
2020
Downloads:
3034
Views:
792
CASE STUDIES
One of the most common, but least written about, public policy instruments implemented by governments to encourage private finance has been the establishment of Public Infrastructure Funds (PIFs). At this point, readers may ask "what are PIFs?" One of the benefits of PIFs is that they are unique, adapted to meet specific country contexts, but conversely this can make them hard to accurately define. Put simply, they are a specific type of infrastructure financing fund that uses pu...
Contributor
PPIAF,Inter-American Development Bank (IDB),World Bank Group (WBG)
Sector
Multi-sector (i.e. for infrastructure in general) 
Topic
Financing
Published:
2019
Downloads:
5731
Views:
790
This Reference Guide is the response to the need for augmented capacity to scale up the use of Islamic finance and for standardization of documentation across various sectors and asset classes—in effect, a road map for its use. It aims to reduce any added complexity and share more knowledge about Islamic transactions. The Reference Guide includes four case studies to illustrate how the different shari'ah-compliant structures have been used in infrastructure PPPs. In addi...
Contributor
Islamic Development Bank (IDB),PPIAF,World Bank Group (WBG)
Sector
Multi-sector (i.e. for infrastructure in general) 
Topic
Financing
Published:
2020
Downloads:
1322
Views:
722
Public-Private Partnerships cover a wide range of contractual arrangements between public authorities and private entities contributing to the private financing of public infrastructure in the broad sense. PPPs are an important tool to meet national infrastructure needs and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. Such contractual arrangements, however, are complex and require strong and consistent national policies to attract investment and ensure the protection of the public interest. ...
Contributor
United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)
Topic
PPP Legal Framework
Published:
2020
Downloads:
2397
Views:
720
This Property Tax Diagnostic Manual provides guidance on how to analyze and assess immovable property tax systems, diagnose the strengths and weaknesses of such systems, and develop a property tax intervention strategy where needed. Its higher objective is to support increasingly fair and stable tax systems in low- and middle-income countries, with significant potential for sustainable improvements in achieving key revenue, equity, and efficiency objectives. This Manual focuses specificall...
Contributor
World Bank Group (WBG)
Sector
urban
Downloads:
21296
Views:
690
Non-revenue water (NRW) management can deliver significant financial and economic benefits, and to a large extent, NRW programs can be self-financing—rapid revenue gains from commercial loss reduction, for example, can supply the OPEX and CAPEX funds needed to reduce the NRW. But these benefits often remain unrealized, because water service providers face many political, financial and technical hurdles. NRW PBCs (performance-based contracts) provide an opportunity to invite...
Contributor
PPIAF
Topic
Financing,PPP Structuring
Sector
non-revenue water (NRW),water
Published:
2019
Downloads:
4604
Views:
668
This report provides an overview of PPIAF’s activities and accomplishments, which are contributing to helping our clients achieve their goals, as well as the global goal of sustainable development embodied throughout the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Contributor
PPIAF
Sector
Multi-sector
Published:
2021
Downloads:
1114
Views:
638
This World Bank report was commissioned to inform this past weekend’s G20 conversations. It underlines that lack of maintenance of infrastructure assets has real costs and repercussions on people, firms, and economic systems. Moreover, regular maintenance is an essential contributor to infrastructure resilience as countries face the impacts of climate change. We emphasize that more spending alone is insufficient, unless accompanied by new approaches in planning, costing, and deliveri...
Contributor
World Bank Group (WBG)
Published:
2018
Downloads:
3381
Views:
595
Private Investment in Infrastructure 2011- H1 2017
This report provides a general overview of the projects that received financing from institutional investors and the share of institutional-investor contributions in the total investment garnered during the period of study. The report finds this share to be extremely low and as such the risks and barriers to institutional investment in infrastructure are also highlighted.  The report also provides details about the institutional investors who provided financin...
Contributor
World Bank Group (WBG)
Published:
2011
Downloads:
7559
Views:
594
A Continental Perspective
This study is a product of the Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic (AICD), a project designed to expand the world’s knowledge of physical infrastructure in Africa. The AICD provides a baseline against which future improvements in infrastructure services can be measured, making it possible to monitor the results achieved from donor support. It also offers a solid empirical foundation for prioritizing investments and designing policy reforms in Africa&rsqu...
Countries
Ghana
Contributor
PPIAF,World Bank Group (WBG)
Sector
Multi-sector
Published:
2011
Downloads:
9948
Views:
572
A Continental Perspective
This study is a product of the Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic (AICD), a project designed to expand the world’s knowledge of physical infrastructure in Africa. The AICD provides a baseline against which future improvements in infrastructure services can be measured, making it possible to monitor the results achieved from donor support. It also offers a solid empirical foundation for prioritizing investments and designing policy reforms in Africa’s infras...
Countries
Senegal
Contributor
PPIAF,World Bank Group (WBG)
Sector
Multi-sector
Published:
2021
Downloads:
1381
Views:
560
Assessing Operational PPP Portfolios
The COVID-19 pandemic will continue to impact infrastructure projects around the globe in all sectors as supply chains are disrupted, customer demand falls, and health regulations force a change in the way business is conducted. Infrastructure projects delivered through public-private partnerships (PPPs) make them more challenging to deal with because of long-term contractual commitments made between counterparties, including third-party lenders and investors. This note discusses k...
Contributor
PPIAF,World Bank Group (WBG)
Published:
2017
Downloads:
9466
Views:
557
Guidelines for the Development of a Policy for Managing Unsolicited Proposals in Infrastructure Projects
When it comes to infrastructure projects, “unsolicited proposals” (USPs) represent an alternative to the traditional project initiation method where the private sector, rather than the government, takes the leading role in identifying and developing a project. In practice, many public authorities across the world resort to USPs motivated by the perspective of solving the challenges brought by their lack of capacity to identify and develop projects. However, many projects that o...
Contributor
PPIAF,World Bank Group (WBG)
Topic
Unsolicited Proposals
Published:
2020
Downloads:
1409
Views:
550
Public-Private Partnerships cover a wide range of contractual arrangements between public authorities and private entities contributing to the private financing of public infrastructure in the broad sense. PPPs are an important tool to meet national infrastructure needs and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. Such contractual arrangements, however, are complex and require strong and consistent national policies to attract investment and ensure the protection of the public interest. ...
Contributor
United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)
Topic
PPP Legal Framework