This study examines the system of tariffs for the use of railway infrastructure that is needed to enable liberalization of the freight market in Mongolia. It analyzes international experience in rail sector reform and rail infrastructure tariffs.
The State Policy on Railway Transportation was adopted by the Mongolian Parliament in 2010. This policy establishes the context for the liberalization of the railway freight market including the modernization of its regulatory framework. A key part of the new regulatory framework is to allow any qualified train operator to use any railway infrastructure, a system known as “open access,” and to charge the operators infrastructure tariffs for the right to operate. The Ministry of Roads and Transportation therefore requested technical assistance from the Asian Development Bank to provide advice on development of a system of infrastructure tariffs for Mongolia.