This study analyzes the outcomes of African independent power projects (IPPs). IPPs in Africa arose through the need to attract investment for new electricity generating capacity. They were also seen as a way to introduce the private sector into the electric generation sector and thereby improve technical and financial performance. Around two dozen such projects have taken root to date, concentrated in mainly eight countries. Outcomes have been varied with more balanced outcomes perceived in the North African region than across Sub-Saharan Africa. This study focuses on identifying the contributing elements to successful and more sustainable IPPs.