The track record of Sub-Saharan Africa’s power sector is dismal. Two out of three households in Sub-Saharan Africa, close to 600 million people, have no electricity connection. Most countries in the region have pitifully low access rates, including rural areas that are the world’s most underserved. In some countries, less than 5 percent of the rural population has access to electricity. This report highlights not only the challenges that policy makers are facing but also the underlying factors that contributed to healthy investment climates. Ultimately, the report is intended to offer references, options, and tools that may help African countries achieve scaled-up and sustainable power sector investment for the benefit of their people and their economies as a whole.