This publication is one international development practitioner’s experience over several decades on the ground in some of the world’s lower-income developing countries, including fragile and conflict affected states (FCSs), and certain other challenging circumstances. Observing the implementation of PPPs in these extremely challenging socio-economic environments, this publication highlights what has worked, what hasn’t and why.
This has been written for practitioners and stakeholders in infrastructure PPPs in developing countries where the conditions for involving the private sector in the delivery of infrastructure have not been sufficiently established; or where events have occurred that have dampened the appetite of investors and lenders. Some of these countries are lower-income developing countries; some are FCSs; and some are simply developing countries that have not yet been able to attract private investment on a sustained basis, even though they are not on the lower income or FCS scale. These are the focus countries of this publication.