Last Updated:
29 Sep 2022

The State of Infrastructure Public-Private Partnerships in Countries Affected by Fragility, Conflict or Weak Institutions

Fragility, conflict, violence, and weak institutions are critical development challenges that have affected many countries. Using a set of outcome indicators, a total of 61 countries have been identified for this paper as an “Expanded list of Fragile and Conflict-Affected States.”

Economic and financial conditions, business environment, and rule of law are usually weaker in EFCS countries, raising private sector investment’s risk in infrastructure projects; PPP markets in these countries therefore tend to be less developed. Despite the less conducive environment, this report finds that for the period of analysis (2012-2016) some EFCS countries were able to bring projects to the market, and another few were able to create a PPP program.