Last Updated:
25 May 2022

Guidance Note for the Public-Private Partnerships Fiscal Risk Assessment Model (PFRAM) 2.0

Building on experience gathered from developers and users, this user manual describes a new version of the tool, PFRAM 2.0. The new version improves the user interface making it easier to understand by non-PPP experts and extends the tool’s coverage and functionalities. This document describes the scope of PFRAM 2.0 and its functionalities, discusses the core concepts underpinning the tool, and presents examples that apply PFRAM 2.0 to specific PPP projects and a simple portfolio.